The 1950s were a time of uncertainty in the United States. The decade began with the Korean War and was permeated by the fear of communism. The success of the Soviet hydrogen bomb and Sputnik spurred concerns about deficiencies in America's scientific education, and Loyola's science and mathematics departments grew and flourished. The movement for integration gained momentum, leading to embittered resistance by many white New Orleanians. Loyola felt the impact of all of these developments and was afflicted by the same uncertainties.